Tax is generated based on the customer's zip code. If you are creating an Order with taxable products, you will need to make sure the zip code is correct on the shipping address. This is what allows the system to populate the "Tax Postal Code" on the Order.
The following steps are how to generate tax on manually-created active Orders. If you want to edit a fulfilled Order, you will first need to unapply payment - this will activate the record so you can make changes.